During the first two sessions the clinician will complete a detailed assessment to identify the client's needs and to collaboratively develop an appropriate treatment plan. The treatment plan may include a combination of individual sessions, group sessions, or intensive treatment as needed. The following evidence-based practices are considered the gold-standard for treating anxiety and OCD related disorders.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a therapeutic intervention that focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviors. It aims at improving emotional regulation and the development of personal coping strategies for solving problems. The CBT model combines the basic principles from behavioral and cognitive psychology. CBT is based on the belief that thought distortions and maladaptive behaviors play a role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders, and that symptoms and associated distress can be reduced by teaching new skills and coping mechanisms.
Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)
ERP is a form of CBT that has been identified as the best form of treatment OCD and certain anxiety disorders. During the Exposure phase of ERP, the client, under the guidance of the therapist, will confront triggers to anxiety such as thoughts, images, objects, and/or situations that make them anxious or start the obsessions. The Response Prevention part of ERP, refers to the choice the client can make to resist compulsive behaviors that seem to alleviate the anxiety triggered. The therapist will work closely with the client and will ultimately challenge the client to gradually complete ERP exercises on their own and outside of the office in order to generalize treatment to everyday life.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
ACT combines acceptance and mindfulness strategies with commitment and behavioral change strategies to achieve psychological flexibility. The goal of ACT is to move towards valued behaviors by being present with feelings rather than trying to escape from or eliminate them. ACT encourages clients to be open to difficult feelings, learn how to accept them, and not avoid situations that may trigger these feelings. ACT is used in combination with other CBT models in order to increase tolerance and willingness to experience thoughts, feelings, and actions. ACT also encourages clients to identify their values in life in order to live in congruence with these values even when anxiety may be present in those situations.
Habit Reversal Training (HRT)
HRT is a behavioral treatment used to reduce body-focused repetitive behaviors that have no adaptive purpose such as hair-pulling, skin-picking, and thumb sucking. HRT uses awareness training, competing response training, and generalization training to create lasting changes.
Copyright © 2018 Anxiety Center of Tampa - All Rights Reserved.